Good Habits Start Early

What most people refer to as oil on skin is actually sebum, a naturally-produced oil from the sebaceous glands that helps keep your hair and skin properly hydrated. Located beneath the hair shaft, these glands are all over your body, including the scalp. Numerous factors can cause the skin and hair to accumulate too much oil from overactive sebaceous glands. While some of the factors are out of your control, there are ways you can minimize excess oil for cleaner hair and skin.

Overactive Oil Glands
Overactive sebum production may manifest as oily hair or a shiny face and can be caused by myriad factors including genetics. Oily hair tends to be more prevalent in straight locks. If your hair is wavy or curly, the oil doesn’t distribute through the rest of your strands as quickly. Brush an oily scalp with care, as doing so too often will increase the amount of sebum throughout the rest of your hair. Daily cleansing is essential for both oily hair and skin.

Hormonal Changes and Excess Oil Production
Hormonal changes are a common cause of excess oiliness in usually normal skin types. Sebum production is in part controlled by hormones called androgens, which may spike during puberty. These hormones can also increase during pregnancy and menstrual cycles in women, and as a side effect from certain birth control pills. Stress is a factor in hormonal balance and oil production in both men and women; this is why you may break out before a big event.

Where you live is another contributing factor to oily hair and skin. High levels of humidity can lead to a greasy scalp and shiny skin. This is especially problematic if you are predisposed to oily skin and live in a region with high humidity levels year-round. In other regions, those with oilier skin may only experience it in the warmer months.

Excess oil causes the misconception that you need to wash your hair and face multiple times a day. Doing so actually increases the activity of your sebaceous glands, which then produce even more oil. Washing your hair just once a day is enough to keep excess scalp oil at bay. Wash your face with a mild cleanser morning and night.

What You Can Do
Washing your hair and skin will do you no good if you use the wrong types of products. Oil-based shampoos and cleansers only exacerbate the problem, so opt for water-based products for your skin and hair. If dry flakes on the scalp accompany your oily hair, consider trying a dandruff shampoo twice a week to balance moisture levels. Eating a healthy, balanced diet, drinking plenty of water, and managing stress will also help to regulate oil production.


Oily hair is caused by the same troublesome glands that make your face oily. The sebaceous glands in your scalp produce a thick secretion called sebum, a natural oil that keeps the shafts of your hair in healthy condition. The right amount of sebum gives your hair gloss and bounce; however, too much, and your hair looks matted and dull, clinging listlessly to your scalp. Choose the right shampoo and use the right cleansing and conditioning technique to combat oily hair.

Step 1
Choose the right shampoo. Find a gentle shampoo with natural ingredients to help gently cleanse and control oils. You don’t want to strip your hair.

Step 2
Shampoo every day. Leave the shampoo on your scalp for five minutes before rinsing.

Step 3
Don’t condition your scalp. Apply conditioner to the hair but avoid the skin on your scalp. Also, when rinsing, tilt head down rather than back so the conditioner doesn’t run back onto your scalp.

Step 4
Try and shampoo first thing in the morning and not at night.

Step 5
Avoid frequent or aggressive brushing and combing. When you brush your hair a lot, you’re pulling the oil down from the scalp to the rest of your hair.

Step 6
Avoid putting styling products at the roots of your hair. Styling products such as hair spray, hair gel and mousses can clog your pores and produce pimples along the hairline.

Pimples, blackheads, and oily skin top the list of tween skin complaints, but by following some simple steps, kids can keep skin healthy.

WHAT’S HAPPENING??? Changing hormones can lead to enlargement of the oil glands, making teen skin oily and creating large pores and blackheads.

Even though you and your friends are going through puberty together, chances are your skin is looking and feeling a bit different from your BFF’s. That means the skin tip that works for him/her might not work for you. So be patient, try and few different products and follow our tips below.

Here are our top tips for tween skin care:

• Cleanse carefully. If your skin is oily, cleanse once or twice if your skin gets very oily or dirty throughout the day. Salicylic acid is great to help control oils. Just don’t overuse it. Carry wipes with you to use after gym class.

• Wash off makeup before bed. This is big! NEVER go to sleep with make up as it will clog pores and can make skin worse. If you are super tired and can’t possibly get out of bed – make sure you have wipes on your nightstand.

• Exfoliate. Exfoliate only once or twice a week, using a gentle product. Don’t scrub too hard – it won’t help!

• Get the right acne products. If you have breakouts, make sure to wash your skin and then apply a medicated acne gel.

• Don’t share makeup. It’s just like sharing your friends germs – don’t do it!

• Keep hands clean. Try and wash your hands frequently and before you touch your face. Clean your phone and anything else that touches your skin regularly.

• Choose the right hair products. If you notice that your acne breakouts cluster around your hairline or places where your hair often brushes your skin, it might be your styling products. Try a switch to spray-on styling products as its easier to control and you can shield the skin.

• Wear sunscreen. Using sunblock helps keep your acne breakouts from turning dark. Find an oil-free product.

• Talk to a doctor. Seeing a dermatologist about acne can make a huge difference, especially if you have red, pus-filled pimples or large lumps under the skin that are painful or leaving scars. Some types of acne need prescription medicine. Don’t be shy and ask for help!